How do children develop poor posture?

How do children develop poor posture?

images-7Have you ever observed a baby sitting on the floor. They have perfect posture. Nobody is telling them to “sit up straight!” They just do this automatically. If you observe their movements you will notice something quite beautiful. They sit upright effortlessly with their pelvis positioned well to perfectly stack the spinal discs and vertebrae up above it. Their shoulders are well back and their necks are long and straight. When they bend to reach for a toy or some other object, they hinge forward from their hips and reach using their entire body moving from the hips toward the object. Their shoulders remaining well back while performing this task.

If you look at a toddler standing, you will notice the same type of posture. It’s perfect! They have very straight spines and they don’t have much of a curve at all until you get to the very 3 postures of standingbottom of the vertebral stack. Then there is a significant curve at L5- S1 on the spinal chart. You will again notice that this posture is natural and not at all strained. They carry their weight over their heels and weight bearing bones. The body is remarkably well aligned. If you think about it, babies are experts at finding the right balance and plumb line to keep their rather heavy heads aligned over their spines, the equivalent of a bowling ball, perfectly aligned on a stick. If you look at our ancestors, ancient civilizations or non-westernised cultures you will notice that this posture stays in tact into adulthood. The key is the alignment of the pelvis.

Babies are role models for natural healthy posture. So when do they lose this and become the slouch potatoes that we see so often in school aged children? How does a child born with perfect posture become bent over when sitting at a desk or watching TV? It pays to look at how we handle them as babies. How do we carrying 2 babies sitting (1)them? What types of baby furniture are we placing them into? If you look at the photo of the two babies, you will notice the difference between the one sitting naturally up right with her pelvis out behind her (Right) versus the baby on the left who’s pelvis is being tucked. The one on the right is being perfectly supported by her mother’s forearm providing a platform for the child to sit on. You will notice that her upper back is straight and her pelvis is anteverted and her behind is behind her. This way of holding a child lets them align naturally. It also saves the parent from developing RSI or carpal tunnel syndrome because they are using the larger group of muscles found in the forearm to support their baby. The baby on the left is being forced to round her back because the parent is using his hand to tuck her pelvis underneath her. She has no choice but to round her back to stay upright. Dad is also putting himself at risk of RSI and tendinitis if this is his default carrying position.

Another example of creating poor posture for our children would be placing them into strollers or car seats that don’t support them. Many strollers have hammock like bottoms that cause the baby to tuck their pelvis and

Newborn baby girl slouched over and sound asleep in her car seat.
Newborn baby girl slouched over and sound asleep in her car seat.

round their back. This can cause all sorts of issues now and later in life, slouching, digestive problems, breathing problems and more. It is best that we add some support to the furniture to get them more into an “L” shape rather than a banana shape. It is never wise to leave a baby sleep in a stroller or car seat. Always get them out of there ASAP and put them in a crib or on a blanket on the floor to sleep. Leaving a child in an unhealthy position can cause all sorts of postural issues not to mention it could compromise their airway.

There are many causes as to why our kids are sitting poorly. But baby furniture and the way we carry them are very real culprits. We need to be more vigilant in re-educating ourselves, parents, teachers and other influencers of our children on proper posture and alignment. The correlation between posture and back pain has been a real blind spot in today’s society. We need to become role models for our kids. The old “sit up straight or put you shoulders back” isn’t going to cut it. These commands are not sustainable and can cause more harm than good.

I offer workshops and courses in Australia to address these issues and more check out my bio page

Contributed by: Michelle “Mickie” Ball Massage Therapist and Gokhale Method® Teacher 0428 223 271

Preventative vs Curative

Well-Being for the Open-Minded Sceptic #23 – Preventative vs Curative

I recently finished teaching a Gokhale Method posture course. In it, I teach people how to sit, lie down, stand, bend and walk. Ha! You say, “I knew how to do all of those things from a very young age. I don’t need someone to teach me such elementary stuff!” Well so far I have been teaching doctors, nurses, psychiatrists, dentists and many other people from all walks of life to do just that.

Why you ask? Well that is a good question. I teach the basics of posture and alignment. Ultimately I would like to teach healthy posture as a matter of prevention as opposed to teaching it because so many people are already suffering from back, neck and shoulder pain.

I was having a discussion with a doctor, who attended my last course. (I’ll call him Ben-not his real name), He suffers from neck and low back pain. He is not immune to these types of problems just because he’s a doctor. You see doctors like many other health professionals spend their very busy days doing things like sitting, standing and bending over patients. As a primary healthcare professional he sees patients every 15 minutes. He also does a lot of skin cancer surgeries. His work is primarily curative as the people he sees day in and day out are already in trouble. They are sick, hurting or in need of treatment for an existing ailment. Well you say, “That’s what doctors are for isn’t it?” That is how most people view healthcare today. If I have something wrong with me, I go to the doctor to get it fixed.

Ben would like to spend more time with his patients helping them figure out how to live healthier lives before they get sick. In his words. “Western society is a bit of a mess really. You have unending ‘busyness’ leading to poor lifestyle choices, unending population growth, corporations with shareholder models for unending growth, endless suburbs with only McDonald’s and shopping malls nearby curbing outer urban ghetto growth with no public transport resulting in long commute days in cars.” Whew! I felt sorry for him. I felt like he was not taking time to even take care of himself.

Ben’s dream is to see primary healthcare practitioners being rewarded if they decide to spend more time with patients and discuss prevention aspects, rather than more lucrative non-preventative specialties. “One more thing,” he says, “Did you know that most ‘integrative’- preventative healthcare clinics in the US struggle to stay financially viable as people and Government funding are not really willing to pay for a long 1 hour consult?”

Yes I did actually know that having grown up in the US. I felt his frustration. But my response to this was. Adversity can sometimes open people’s eyes to seek out preventative solutions. In an extreme example, according to economist Bill Bonner in his book “Hormegeddon.” In Cuba under Castro’s rule in 1990 to about 2000, people were on food rations with very little to eat and no healthcare. There was no money to support clinics and hospitals. This could be viewed as disastrous! However in a report by the Guardian on this “special period” it indicted that it had actually forced people to lead healthier lifestyles. People were forced to slash their calorie intake. Many grew their own food. They didn’t have access to fuel so they had to walk and ride bicycles to travel. This was horrible indeed. However during this time there was a steep decline in deaths linked to being overweight. Deaths caused by diabetes declined by 51%, coronary heart disease mortality dropped by 35% and stroke mortality by 20%. The overall life expectancy increased every year!

Now I am not saying that we have to experience such extremes to get healthy. But perhaps we can have a good look at our own situations. Maybe we could choose to educate ourselves on ways to prevent certain conditions that we view as just part of life or getting older. As a massage therapist I hear so many people say to me, “Oh it’s just old age. I can’t do anything about that! ” I always cringe a little when I hear this. I am hopeful that people will take some of their own power back and start re-learning some of the “elementary” things we as homo sapiens actually intuitively know how to do. We can make better more natural food choices and do a bit more exercise like our hunter-gatherer ancestors used to do. Perhaps we can slow down a bit and breathe deeply once in awhile. Oxygen is good for us. Most people breathe just enough to stay alive. Maybe we can move in a way that is more natural to our species instead of walking into things because we are viewing our smart phones. I don’t think someone else has to devise elaborate solutions for us. I believe that people can make good decisions as to what feels right to them. Taking back some of their own power and looking closer at what is making them sick or causing them pain. Sometimes it’s getting back to raw primal basics.

Ben smiled as I told him to relax his chin, breathe deeply and roll his shoulders back. “Do this before you go in to treat your patients.” Leading by example is a really good place to start to teach preventative medicine.

Contributed my Michelle “Mickie” Ball – Massage therapist and Gokhale Method Teacher 0428 223 271

“Some Things to Avoid if You Want to Maintain a Healthy Back.”

People recognize that the body has a natural ability to heal and they seek ways to increase that ability. When it comes to back pain. You control your body. You can have good control when you pay attention to the messages and information you receive. You can put out fires as soon as they happen and prevent them. Or you can let small problems become big problems. You can make healthy eating, exercising and resting decisions.

Here are a few tips and things to avoid in order to spare your back!

  1. Don’t Sit on your wallet. Bad idea. Sitting on your wallet, even if there’s no money in it, causes a shift in every bone in your spine. Long term, it creates uneven wear and tear on your back. Good idea: Switch it to the front.
  1. Avoid carrying a heavy purse on one side It’s a great way to throw your shoulders out of alignment…Which in turn throws the spine out of alignment. Carrying that heavy purse can cause the trapezius muscle, which sits on top of your shoulders, to spasm and therefore tighten, along with the muscles that go from your shoulder to the base of your neck. “When that happens, it can cause a lot of stiffness in the upper back, the shoulder area and the neck…Try just carrying your wallet or use a small backpack.
  2. Crossing your legs. When you cross your legs. Long timages 10.30.09 amerm doing it day after day, causes stretching of ligaments, and muscles causing asymmetries and misalignment in the spine, hips & pelvis.
  3. Standing with your weight shifted. If you are a long time back pain sufferer, you have probably developed little compensations you do throughout your day to minimize your pain. One such error is putting more weight on one side than the other when you are standing. Keep it even.
  4. Poor lifting techniques. Avoid rounding the back when bending. Try hinging from the hips with a flat back instead. This is a method used by traditional people in non-westernised countries around the world. People who don’t expMango-Vendor-hip-hinging-300x200 copyerience back pain. You used to do it as a baby. You bend from the hips with a straight back and an anteverted pelvis as opposed to a tucked pelvis. You can find some information on this technique here :
  5. Hunched Shoulders. Hunching your shoulders creates all sorts of problems. It inhibits circulation and pinches nerves and arteries that run down the arms. It causes the pelvis to tuck, which creates an unhealthy pelvic position and compresses spinal discs. It can cause the neck to protrude, which can lead to kyphosis or Dowager’s hump. Rolling your shoulders back one at a time while you sit or stand will help you keep the chest open and improve your lung capacity and breathing. When you do this try not to sway the back and stick your chest out. There should be a slight arch in your lower back where the lumbar meets the sacrum not in the upper lumbar and thoracic area.
  6. Sitting in a seat with your knees above your hips. If your knees are slightly higher than your hips it will cause you to tuck your pelvis. Which in turn causes you to compress your discs. Not what you want. Try to sit with your knees below your hips. You can use a pillow to help achieve this or sit on the edge of your chair with your legs slightly externally rotated out and angled downward.
  7. Sleeping on your stomach. It is best to sleep on your back. You can use a pillow under your knees if you have tight hamstrings. Second best option is to sleep on your side. Sleeping on your stomach speeds up the process of developing lower back problems.
  8. Lifting and twisting. The combination of lifting something and twisting at the same time puts stress on the discs in your lower back. Best to get closer to your subject and move your whole body hinging from the hips with a straight back.

I hope that you find these tips helpful to your health and well-being! Michelle 🙂

Weak Pelvic Floor/Prolapse – How to keep things where they belong.


This is a subject that I hope I can shed some light on for those dedicated to kegel muscle exercises or those suffering from pelvic organ prolapse. Most people have no idea that pelvic alignment is essential for pelvic floor function. *1. The pelvic organ support system is actually a postural system not a gynecological one. Restoring natural primal posture repositions the pelvic organs where they belong, up against the lower front abdominal wall and over the pubic bones (which is key.) Strengthening the pubo-coccygeal, or “Kegel” muscle may enhance sexual experience, but can actually make pelvic organ prolapse worse. Kegel exercise actually pulls the organs in the direction of prolapse by pulling the tailbone closer to the pubic bone and tucking the pelvis. These exercises may work in the beginning as they contract the muscle. But they do not lengthen it. Example: a bicep curl. A strong muscle contracts and then lengthens. By only contracting the muscle, it actually becomes shorter and weaker. Many women have reported increased prolapse symptoms after engaging in prolonged Kegel exercise. If the abdominal wall is not constantly pulled in (as we are taught to hold our stomachs in) and the pelvis not tucked, the breath and the diaphragm can work to push the organs forward and into the hollow of the lower belly where they are safely positioned by the forces of intra-abdominal pressure. Prolapse is caused by organs falling back not down. A “tucked pelvis” places the pelvic organs on top of the pelvic floor muscles or the kegel muscle. Women are told to do kegel exercises, but this muscle is just not cut out to do the job of supporting all the pelvic organs. Positioning the pelvis this way is an invitation to have the pelvic organs fall out of you. In our society we see a lot of organ prolapse especially in women who have more to loose there in the form of uterine and bladder prolapse and urinary incontinence. Both genders can suffer hemorrhoids and rectal prolapse. So I highly encourage you to consider an anteverted or forward facing pelvis. With an anteverted pelvis as opposed to a tucked pelvis, you have the pubic bone underneath these organs supporting them perfectly well. The pubic bones are our true pelvic floor. I personally would rather have bone supporting my organs than a relatively weak trampoline of muscles. A realignment of posture returns us to natural pelvic organ support and can help us in some cases avoid surgery. The word pelvis means “bowl.” But this pelvic bowl should be tipped forward on its’ rim which is the pubic bone. You can keep your bones under you by picturing a bowl filled with water. But you want the water spilling out the front. As I have mentioned before a really great way to help antervert the pelvis is by walking using and developing the glutes as you go. Leaning forward slightly in the beginning can help you engage the proper gluteal muscles and place the bones where they should be. Also sitting and standing with your “behind” behind you being careful not to sway the upper lumbar area while doing this. (See *2) If you had a tail you would want it out behind you and not in between your legs or sitting on it. Keep the shoulders open and think tall as you breath creating more space for all of your organs. *1.)Christine Kent *2.)Esther Gokhale – Article written by: Michelle “Mickie” Ball Gokhale Method® Teacher and massage therapist 0428223271

Back pain: is your yoga practice hurting you?

This is great information for those of you doing yoga or… running, walking or hiking. Pelvic anteversion is key!


The statistics on back pain are staggering. A whopping 85% of the U.S. population will suffer from back pain at some point in their lives. Ninety percent of these cases will involve low back pain. Back pain is one of the top reasons why Americans stay home from work, and the second-leading surgical procedure. Yoga is known for its healing qualities, but is it possible that yoga postures may also contribute to back pain?

As a seasoned yoga teacher with a reputation for smart practice, students have long come to me for help recovering from and avoiding yoga injuries. Complaints and concerns about back pain are particularly common, especially with yoga styles that involved extreme and sometimes vigorous forward and backward bending, as well as rapid or asymmetrical twisting. As a teacher, I emphasize safe yogaand effective practices based on anatomically optimal alignment and individual modification.

As an advanced yoga…

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Traveling -Out of your comfort zone

I have once again just returned from an overseas adventure. This time it was a trip to India for a wedding and site-seeing tour. It has always been on my bucket list of things to do. All I can say is that India is an assault on the senses! It puts you immediately out of your comfort zone and into a whirlwind of adventure! The sites the smells the sounds are all exciting and all overwhelming! I must say I had a lot of good advice before I left as to what to expect. But until you’re actually there experiencing driving down narrow roads weaving in and out of lanes between tuk tuks, rickshaws, millions of motorcycles, cars, trucks, bicycles, people, cows, camels, dogs and the occasional elephant you really have no idea. And that was just the drive from the airport to our hotel.

Being out of one’s comfort zone can be challenging. The advice I received before I left consisted of Things like: Only drink sealed bottled water; Eat only cooked foods or fruits that you can peel; Take probiotics to help maintain good gut bacteria to help prevent diarrhea (thanks Karen for that one); take out travel insurance etc. This was all good advice as I am back with only a mild dose of jet lag. I’m feeling quite good otherwise. The things I have referenced mostly have to do with inner health. Personally I would recommend all of these things plus a few more.

However having just become certified as a Gokhale Method™ teacher with a focus on posture, I would like to address things from that point of view. When I am traveling I put my body through stresses that I normally wouldn’t encounter. Stresses that before might have lead to backaches and strains. Let’s start with luggage. You might say, “oh there are wheels for that.” But there are things like putting carry-on into the overhead lockers, maneuvering your carry-on in between very narrow aisles and getting your souvenir stuffed bags off of the carousel from baggage claim. I saw some pretty interesting postures on the last one. You may be required to sit for extended periods of time on airplanes or in a bus or car. In India you can add things like sitting on an Elephant or Camel. You may find yourself walking a lot more than usual. This may include a lot of stairs! There were more interesting things for me this trip like Squat toilets dressed in a full sari and sitting cross legged on the floor for an extended period of time because you are part of a very long Indian wedding ceremony! I may address those in another issue J

What ever it is that puts you out of your physical comfort zone, I can offer a few suggestions from my travel experience. You may find these tips handy in other similar situations in your life.

  1. Lifting things over your head. Remember to engage the internal abdominal muscles. I am not talking the “six pack” rectus abs. I am referring to the internal and external obliques. These are the muscles you can feel if you put your hand on your side and cough or sneeze. When you engage these muscles it helps protect the spinal discs when under stress. Also use your eyes to look up trying not to bend the neck all the way back. This protects the cervical spine. Keep the shoulders rolled back and try not to over extend the arms straining the shoulders.
  2. Maneuvering in tight spaces. Try to hold things close to your body in front of you if you can. Avoid twisting to pull your bag behind you. Perhaps try pushing it instead. You may try something so bold as to carry your bag on your head. That is how a porter carried my bag down 4 flights of stairs. But I recommend you leave that to the pros and only carry light objects in the beginning.
  3. Reaching for heavy objects. Try to avoid this if possible. However if there is no other way. Make sure you bend from the hips with a flat back and bent knees getting as close as you possible can to the object you are trying to lift. Definitely engage the inner abdominal muscles to protect your spine in this instance.
  4. Sitting for long periods of time. Make sure you have support behind your mid back to make sitting healthy. Avoid tucking the pelvis. Check out stretch-sitting at: Also get up often to promote circulation and other health benefits. There are many articles available today on the subject. Try to get up at least 3 times per hour if you can. (I just stood up and did some stretching) If you find yourself on a bumpy road or riding a bicycle or an elephant, engaging the oblique muscles helps prevent disc damage.
  5. Walking & Stairs: I advise comfortable shoes with good arch support. I also recommend using the gluteal muscles to help move you forward. Squeezing the glutes helps develop great posture while walking. Plus it helps provide stability and it positions the body in a healthy alignment. Strong glutes are also preferable to a saggy backside. Stairs can become easier to maneuver if you engage the lower leg and foot muscles to push up to the next stair when going up or engage the upper leg to lower your body down to the landing foot when going down.

If you have further questions, please feel free to contact me. Wishing you health and happiness in your all of your adventures. Michelle Ph: 0428 223 271  Email:

The Holidays

Well-Being for the Open-Minded Sceptic #15 – The Holidays!

The Holidays for some, lets call them “Group A”, is a bustling time full of activity, merriment and joy combined with a bit of over-indulgence and over spending. For others, “Group B.” The holidays are a non-event. This group turns a blind eye to holiday merriment, an out of sight out of mind concept. And then there is “Group C.” For this group it can be quite a lonely or stressful time of year. There is a big contrast here between the groups. But I will try to touch on some ideas to make it all a bit easier to handle no matter which group you fall under. You may even end up enjoying the holidays more than you thought you would.

Group A: A number of factors can cause stress and anxiety at holiday time with this group, including unrealistic expectations, financial pressures, and too many commitments: parties, shopping, baking, cleaning and entertaining, to name just a few. Headaches, excessive drinking, overeating, and insomnia are some of the possible consequences of poorly managed holiday stress. For this group, try setting realistic goals and expectations, reaching out to friends, sharing tasks with family members and finding inexpensive ways to enjoy yourself. Stick to a budget. Don’t try to buy happiness with an avalanche of gifts. Food shopping, maybe you don’t have to make Aunt Betty’s famous green bean casserole this year. Have everyone bring a healthy dish to share. Let someone else help think of a game or two to play with the kids to keep them happy. Have a scavenger hunt, family charades, egg and spoon races etc. Do some brainstorming! Create some new traditions that are not all geared around presents and food!

Group B.) For this group, it seems like the Holidays are an excuse for people to act differently than any other time of the year. And this is true. For many (esp. Group A’s) the holidays are a time to unite old friends and family. Heck holiday songs and decorations have stopped wars for a day during World War I. But Group B people tend to see themselves as being more spontaneous or maybe just too busy! They don’t need a holiday, that doesn’t really matter to them, to do something special. In fact they might purposely do nothing just to prove a point. For this group, if you don’t decide to travel to some far away place, maybe you can try to make it more spontaneous! Try reaching out for friends or family members and give them your time instead of a fancy gift. Maybe you haven’t taken the time to reach out to people all year? Or perhaps you know someone who could use your friendship at this time because they are feeling lonely. You can try it on and see how it feels. Making others happy boosts your Oxytocin levels! Heck you can invite someone to dinner and cook Indian food, wear orange and play a sitar! Now that’s the Spirit!

Group C.) For this group there could be a number of reasons that the holidays make them sad. Perhaps someone close to them has recently died or they can’t be with loved ones. It helps to acknowledge these feelings and realize that it’s normal to feel sadness and grief. It’s OK to take time to cry or express feelings. You can’t force yourself to be happy just because it’s the holiday season. But you could try to reach out to people if you feel lonely or isolated. You can seek out community, religious or other social events. They can offer support and companionship. Volunteering your time to help others also is a good way to lift your spirits and broaden your friendships. Helping others even when you are feeling down lifts Serotonin levels and that alone will make you feel better.

What it all boils down to is pretty much this… as said in a Facebook post that I saw the other day. I know! I know! How trivial, that I should refer back to social media for inspiration. But if you have or haven’t seen it, for me it pretty much nails it! So here it is a Holiday shopping list for all groups. This is a slightly modified version from the one on Facebook. So if you want it or not…It’s lifting my Oxytocin levels to share it with you!

Holiday To Do List: Buy Presents – Be Present – Better for the soul • Wrap Gifts – Wrap someone in a hug – Makes you and the recipient feel better • Send Gifts – Send Peace – Raises the vibration of the planet  • Shop for Food – Donate Food – Spread the love Make cookies – Make Love – Better for the waistline!See the lights – Be the Light – Better for everyone!

The Power of Touch

 The Power of Touch

I Recall visiting my family in California, Wisconsin & Hawaii this past year. I can only say that it was the perfect holiday. I felt so relaxed and happy having spent so much time with my loved ones. It was so nice to see everyone especially my 6 grand nieces and nephews, some that I met for the very first time. I never got enough of their hugs and unconditional affection that they shared so freely. There aren’t words to describe what it feels like to be touched by people you care about and who care about you. So on that note, I feel that this is the perfect segue into the subject of Touch.


Did you know that your skin is your largest organ. In a grown man, it covers about 1.75 square meters and weighs about 4 kilograms. A piece of skin the size of an Australian 20 cent piece contains more than 3 million cells, 100 to 340 sweat glands, 50 nerve endings and 1 meter of blood vessels. No one is exempt from needing to be touched. Humans need to touch and be touched, just like we need food and water.

We live in “Touch-starved Culture”  that’s made affection with anyone but loved ones taboo. While you might not notice the effects of not being touched right away, it can negatively affect your mood, your confidence and your health. Touch influences our ability to deal with stress and pain, to form close relationships with other people, and even to fight off disease. The need for touch is the one thing that all mammals require…humans included. We are only beginning to understand the holistic way that our bodies work and the relationship between our emotional well-being and our physical health.

So…Here are 6 reasons why you need to be touched on a regular basis.

  1. Feel connected to others. We are social beings, some of us might be more introverted, others more extroverted. It doesn’t matter, we all need to have that sense of connection to other members of our tribe. While some of that connection can come from having conversations with others, touch also plays an important role in human communication.
  2. Reduce anxiety. Simply touching another person can make us feel more secure and less anxious. Touch triggers the brain region called the insula, which is involved in emotional processing, and can help ease a person’s irritation in the moment. It can make us feel grounded and safe and not so all alone. It’s not just children who could use a warm, reassuring hug to make things a little better, so if you’re feeling like your at the end of your rope, go ahead and ask for a hug. Better than striking out verbally at someone.
  3. Bonding. Touch is one of the ways romantic partners bond with each other and parents bond with their children. When partners and families get busy and let touch go out the window, they’ll often find that they don’t feel as close and relationships suffer. Regular touch is one of the ways that we continually renew our bonds with those we love. Hug your partner or your children. Be daring and hang on maybe just a bit longer and see how it goes.
  4. Lowers your blood pressure. Studies have shown that those that get regular touch often have lower blood pressure than those that don’t. Even having a pet can have beneficial effects! Touch can also slow the heart rate and help speed recovery times from illness and surgery. One study from the University of North Carolina found that women who hugged their spouse or partner frequently (even for just 20 seconds) had lower blood pressure, possibly because a warm embrace increases oxytocin levels in the brain.
  5. Improve your outlook. It’s harder to get into a pessimistic funk when you feel the confidence of being connected to others. Touch can make people feel more optimistic and positive and less cynical and suspicious. A positive, trusting attitude towards others can reduce tension in our daily lives and improve our relationships. A hug, pat on the back, and even a friendly handshake are processed by the reward center in the central nervous system, which is why they can have a powerful impact on the human psyche, making us feel happiness and joy,” explains neurologist Shekar Raman, MD, based in Richmond, Virginia. “And it doesn’t matter if you’re the toucher or touchee. The more you connect with others — on even the smallest physical level — the happier you’ll be.”
  6. Give us the sensory input that we crave. Scientists are just discovering how truly important it is to exercise all our physical senses for proper brain and emotional development. All the various kinds of touch from butterfly kisses to massage send our brains the physical inputs it needs to make sense of the world. So, along with touching other people and pets, make time to explore different textures and touch sensations such as letting cool sand run through your fingers or taking a warm relaxing bath.

Don’t let yourself get too busy that you starve yourself of touch. It’s important for your physical, mental and emotional well being to touch others and let others touch you.

Michelle Ball Massage Therapist & Gokhale Method Teacher Ph: 0428 223 271 Email:

Foot Problems and how Proper Alignment can help

Bunions: occur when the big toe bone is misaligned, which can lead to extra bone growth or the growth of the fluid-filled sac at the base of the toe. Bunions can cause redness, swelling, calluses and corns, soreness, and/or pain. Conventional treatment involves avoiding tight, pointed shoes, or accommodating the bunion with felt padding, or by cutting out a hole in the shoe. In severe cases, surgery is required, in the form of a bunionectomy. **One cause of bunions is inappropriate weight distribution, with poor posture forcing too much of your weight onto the front inner part of the foot. Proper leg and foot alignment that reduces excessive weight over the bunion area can help prevent and even treat bunions.

BeanshapingfeetCalluses and Corns: consist of thick, hardened skin appearing on the feet (or occasionally hands) as a result of pressure or friction. They may provide useful information about where the weight of your body is falling over the feet. You may reduce the discomfort with corn plasters, orthotics, or even by getting the callus or corn scraped off. ** By adjusting the pattern of weight distribution on the feet. This will not only help prevent calluses and corns, but may also help prevent or address other musculo-skeletal problems.

Flat Feet: occur when your foot loses its arch. Normally, they are treated with various orthotics, wedges or arch supports. In other words, under the traditional approach, you are encouraged to find ways to live with the condition. **Rather than adapting to your flat feet, you can work towards altering problematic foot structure. By redistributing most of your body weight over their heels rather than over the front of your feet, strengthening critical muscles in the feet, and walking in a way that builds up muscles in the foot arch. Insoles can help and can be easily upgraded as the foot structure improves.


Morton’s Neuroma: is the result of a pinched nerve in the foot, causing a tissue buildup (called a neuroma) around the nerve. Pain is often felt between the third and fourth toes of the foot. Wide shoes, foot padding, oral medications, and cortisone injections may help. Surgery to remove the neuroma is occasionally recommended.**The body is designed to build up bone and other tissue where there is continual stress. In the case of Morton’s Neuroma, this build-up is unhappily adjacent to a nerve, and therefore causes significant pain. A solution is to relieve stress on that portion of the foot when standing and walking – learning to carry your weight mainly over the heels, which are the sturdiest parts of the feet, rather than over the more delicate balls and arches.

Plantar Fasciitis: is inflammation of the thick tissue bridging the arches on the bottom of the feet. The plantar fascia has limited elasticity and is not constructed to take a significant portion of the body’s weight. If it is overstretched it can become inflamed or even torn. People carrying excess weight and pregnant women are especially at risk of the inflammation, which can cause severe heel pain. This may be especially notable after exercising or when you get out of bed in the morning. The pain is usually mild at first, but increases over time if left untreated. Rest, cold therapy, pain relievers (NSAIDS), orthotics, and stretching exercises may help. If they don’t, your doctor may prescribe injections of corticosteroids, or in rare cases, surgery.**When we evolved from being Quadra pedal to bipedal, the foot changed significantly. We developed a much sturdier heel bone. The bones in the front of our feet are relatively delicate. The heel bone is constructed for weight bearing. We are designed to stand with our weight primarily on our heels.

Exercises to strengthen the foot: 1. Grab the Towel- Put a hand towel on the floor using just your foot, gather the towel under your foot using toes and arches. 2. Grab the Ball. Place a small ball on the floor. (25mm or so) Try to grab the ball with one foot. You may initially only be able to grab it with your toes. As your arches grow stronger you may be able to grab the ball under your transverse arch. You can then move to larger balls.

Information From: “8 Steps to a Pain-free Back” By Esther Gokhale &   

Contributed by Michelle Ball- Gokhale Method Teacher                              Ph: 0428 223 271     Email:


Long Flights – Staying healthy, getting comfortable and keeping your back in tact.

I just returned to Australia from Hawaii on a 10 1/2 hour flight. I was fortunate to have secured an isle seat. This works well as it allows me to get up easily to stretch and move around often without disturbing the people sitting next to me. In case you haven’t heard, movement on airplanes is recommended to prevent blood clots in the legs known as Deep Vein Thrombosis. “Motion is Lotion.” Sitting for long stretches on a plane or anywhere can reek havoc. Some statics on the subject of sitting for long stretches of time: As soon as you sit down electrical activity in the leg muscles shuts off; Calorie burning drops to 1 per minute; Enzymes that break down fat drop 90% and after 2 hours Good cholesterol drops by 20%. So the message here is MOVE and stay healthy whether on a plane, at a desk or watching TV. Stand up as often as every 20 minutes to keep things circulating. Increased circulation increases your bodies healing power.

The next thing I concern myself with on any flight is getting comfortable without doing my back in. I had just finished an intensive training on Posture with Esther Gokhale, the author of “8 Steps to a Pain-Free Back.” So I had my “Stretchsit” cushion placed on the back of my seat about mid back to support my posture and give my back a nice stretch for the long hall. This is a little miracle device that allows you to stick yourself to the seat back and put yourself into a gentle form of traction. You can also use a blanket or a jacket behind your mid back for the same effect. Unlike a lumbar support cushion, this method elongates rather than compresses your low back, giving you the natural, healthy spinal shape shared by children, athletes and people in traditional societies the world over. No more compression, no more pain. You can sit your way to a pain-free back!StretchsitcushionUntitled-1

On this particular flight, I was sitting in the middle section of a full flight. There were two young girls sitting next to me and a young couple in front of me. They were all wiggling about during the flight trying to find a way to get some rest and feel comfortable. They would go from slumping to contorting their bodies sideways, pulling their legs up and sort of getting into a fetal position. I was happy to sit up-right and relaxed for most of the trip as the cushion made it comfortable. Although when I did want to rest, I put the tray table down, hinged forward from my hips, placed my elbows on the tray with my hands on either side of my head allowing my chin to rest in my palms. I then rested my head against the seat in front of me using my jumper against the seat to add a bit more comfort. I was relaxed and very much at ease… However, the girl in front of me kept moving and jiggling the seat that I was leaning on. She was so desperate to get comfortable, she couldn’t sit still. I was relaxed enough to go with this movement. But I felt bad for her. I dozed off and upon waking from my little rest noticed her partner was mimicking me using his neck pillow against the seat in front of him. He looked very comfortable. I was happy to be able to influence at least one person. I wanted to get up and share this information with everyone on the plane! Maybe next time. I felt great after the flight no stiffness or pain… I hope this helps you on your next long trip!

Contributed By: Michelle “Mickie” Ball 0428223271 – Aloha Dreaming Massage & Gokhale Method Teacher  Email: